Collection 1000381 (herbarium acc. no. TNS F 39101 (2294)) is the holotype of Hebeloma vinosophyllum.


  • arrow_drop_downarrow_drop_upCollecting details

    Collection 1000381 was collected by T. Hongo on 17th July 1961 in Ishizue, Otsu-city, Kansai, JAPAN (approx. 34.9477°N, 135.9261°E, altitude approximately 125 m above sea level - Google maps). The ectomycorrhizal families Pinaceae (genus Pinus) and Fagaceae (genus Quercus) were present.

    The surrounding habitat was described as mixed woodland, corresponding to the IUCN habitat We map from the collector's description of the habitat to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)'s definition using a standardised set of rules. Please see this page for a full list of IUCN habitats. 1.4: Forest – Temperate.

    According to the GPS data the collection was in the Taiheiyo evergreen forests WWF ecoregion The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have divided the world into 867 terrestrial ecoregions. The ecoregion here is estimated by mapping from the GPS coordinates of the collection using data made available by Dinerstein et al (2017). Use this webtool to explore the ecoregions visually or see a full list of current ecoregions on Wikipedia. (biome: Temperate Broadleaf & Mixed Forests) and Koppen climate code Cfa (Temperate, no dry season, hot summer).

  • clearclearMacroscopic description
     - analysis not yet complete
  • arrow_drop_downarrow_drop_upMicroscopic description

    Spores: shape amygdaloid, limoniform; colour through microscope very pale, yellow; guttulate no; papillate very strongly; Spore Code: O3; O4; P3; D3; D4.

    Basidia: 19.8–25.4 x 6.4–8.6 μm; ave. Q = 3.0; basidia spore nature not recorded.

    Cheilocystidia: main shape lageniform, lanceolate, ventricose; special features many collapsed in exsiccata, rostrate; Cheilocystidia Ratios: A/M = 1.16; A/B = 0.45; B/M = 2.55.

    Pleurocystidia: analysis not yet complete.

    Ixocutis: analysis not yet complete.

    Caulocystidia: analysis not yet complete.

    Spore(min) 5%-95% (max)meanmedianS.D.
    Length (µm)(8.9) 9.1–10.4 (10.9)
    Width (µm)(5.7) 6.2–6.7 (6.8)
    Q(1.41) 1.42–1.63 (1.66)1.501.480.07

    Cheilocystidium (µm)(min) 5%-95% (max)meanmedianS.D.
    Length(28) 29–4035366.07
    Apex Width3.2–4.2 (4.3)
    Median Width(2.4) 2.5–
    Basal Width(7.3) 7.4–9.6 (9.8)
  • arrow_drop_downarrow_drop_upTemperature calculation
    Max tempMin tempPrecipitation
    Annualised average (1961)18.83 °C9.81 °C145.16 mm
    Collection month (7/1961)30.90 °C22.53 °C172.92 mm
    Max month (1961)31.49 °C22.53 °C443.27 mm

Compare this collection to its species

This section compares data for this collection against its true species and also against the most likely species as determined by our identifier. More often than not these will be the same species, but where this is not the case, the data may be used to help explain why the identifier got it wrong.

Image gallery

Detailed statistics

Spore measurementsMy valueSpecies mean valuePosition
Count 31.0 42.50 3rd–4th/4
Average length 9.7 9.75 3rd–4th/4
Average width 6.5 6.25 1st/4
Standard deviation of length 0.47 0.43 2nd/4
Standard deviation of width 0.22 0.27 3rd/4
Median length 9.7 9.75 3rd–4th/4
Median width 6.5 6.22 1st/4
Minimum length 8.9 8.93 3rd/4
Minimum width 5.7 5.35 3rd/4
Low length 9.1 9.07 3rd/4
Low width 6.2 5.85 1st/4
High length 10.4 10.40 2nd–3rd/4
High width 6.7 6.60 1st–3rd/4
Max length 10.9 10.68 1st/4
Max width 6.8 6.75 1st–2nd/4
Spore featureValueCommonalities
Ornamentation O3; O4 100% of collections; 75% of collections
Perispore loosening P3 100% of collections
Dextrinoidity D3; D4 100% of collections; 25% of collections